Connect with us

Alternative Energy

Pyrophosphate as an alternative energy currency in plants | Biochemical Journal | Portland Press

Published

on

In the conditions of [Mg2+] elevation that occur, in particular, under low oxygen stress and are the consequence of the decrease in [ATP] and increase in [ADP] and [AMP], pyrophosphate (PPi) can function as an alternative energy currency in plant cells. In addition to its production by various metabolic pathways, PPi can be synthesized in the combined reactions of pyruvate, phosphate dikinase (PPDK) and pyruvate kinase (PK) by so-called PK/PPDK substrate cycle, and in the reverse reaction of membrane-bound H+-pyrophosphatase, which uses the energy of electrochemical gradients generated on tonoplast and plasma membrane. The PPi can then be consumed in its active forms of MgPPi and Mg2PPi by PPi-utilizing enzymes, which require an elevated [Mg2+]. This ensures a continuous operation of glycolysis in the conditions of suppressed ATP synthesis, keeping metabolism energy efficient and less dependent on ATP.

This content was originally published here.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Alternative Energy

Our 5-Step Process To Start Saving On Your Energy Bills Now – Alternative Energy Systems

Published

on

By

The first step to lowering your energy bills is very simple — all you have to do is give our team a call! We’ll come to your home or business and provide you with a free consultation and discuss your options for solar panels with an estimate. You can also visit us at our Chico showroom at a time that is convenient for you!

Our team can take a look at your utility bills with you to discover your precise needs. This will help us give you the most accurate estimate, and it will provide us with the info we need to make sure we provide your property with the right amount of power to meet your monthly needs.

Once we have outlined your needs, we’ll partner with you to design a custom solar system. No two homes or businesses use power alike, and your needs will vary from others. We will be sure to give you an affordable and well-designed system that can greatly reduce your monthly bills.

Once we have designed your system and coordinated all the appropriate permits with your local city or county, our team will get to work! Alternative Energy Systems will install your brand new solar system at your home or business.

The final step is another easy one! Once we have received permission from your utility, our team will activate your solar panels, and all you have to do is sit back and enjoy the savings! Once you are dependent on your own source of energy, you won’t have to pay the high premiums of your local energy provider!

This content was originally published here.

Continue Reading

Alternative Energy

Alternative Energy: The Future is here

Published

on

By

The world is changing rapidly.

All of us were born and grew up in a world that needs to burn something to create energy, a “technology” as old as the Neanderthaler. Think of it, I am not sure when exactly fire was “invented” to heat the caves, but since that time humanity builds its progress upon that same chemical reaction.

Rapid oxidization.

One could argue that this one chemical reaction – the oxidation of materials under production of heat and or expansion – is – from the human perspective – nature’s most important chemical reaction. At least viewed from an economic standpoint.

Now what about those great German cars of the last 30 or so years with their magnificent engines?

Well, still something is still burned inside these machines and creates a combustion, which in turn pushes pistons. Gasoline in, a spark and off you go.

Still stone-age technology, albeit very much advanced and much more fancy.

But the Zeitgeist, and especially the limited resources of Mother Earth force us humans to find new ways to power and move our societies.

I would argue that these alternative energies are readily available. Many of them have for a long time, but needed advanced technologies to be harvested.

Alternative Energy: The Future is here

What is Alternative Energy?

So lets’ begin with the question of “What is alternative energy?” In the end energy is defined as a force being able to have an effect in this seemingly Newtonian world.

Definition of Alternative Energy

At least that is the kind of energy that our human daily lives are interested in: How to heat my home and get from A to B.

Bur for me there are more alternative energy sources than normally listed on websites dealing with this topic. I would argue that we also look at energies that come and go beyond our 3D, Newtonian world:

  • What about Magnetics?
  • What about gravitational energy?

To the best of my knowledge, both forces defy the “set in stone” laws of thermodynamics… they do not deplete. Otherwise Pluto would long have left or solar system and our Earth also would be uninhabitable, having left the perfect orbit around our sun.

So to me alternative energy consists of anything we can use directly or indirectly use to heat our homes or get us from A to B. We are looking here for alternatives to the burning of fossil fuels or trees.

And I do think we also have to leave our Newtonian worldview to advance technologically. Quantum Physics is “proven” and a fact but has nothing to do with the Newtonian worldview… except that the world of Newton, of objects moving to a heavenly body – stems from the Quarks and Neutrino of the Quantum World. So our world stems from the Quantum Physics world beyond.

As far as I know it is theorized that magnetism stems from another dimension reaching into ours… that might save the Laws of Thermodynamics if we expand them to that other dimension. But honestly, I do not believe that the dimension cares about our Laws of Thermodynamics.

Is Nuclear Power a Alternative Energy source?

Oh, and some claim that nuclear power is a type of alternative energy. I strongly contradict. Firstly, humanity has a t least 3 times badly burned it’s hand with this insecure, unstable and highly and long-lasting toxin “technology” – think of Sellafield, Chernobyl and Fukushima… I think there were more at least close calls.

Also: did you know that a nuclear power plant is nothing more than a very very expensive, very, very dangerous, very toxic waste producing – steam engine.

Yes, all they do is use one of the most dangerous materials on Earth to heat water to run a steam engine.

I nearly had to laugh when I learned about that fact.

And no, it does not produce CO2, but so much more toxic waste still being deadly 1000s of generations after we are gone…and by that I mean our society.

Alternative Energy types

So, having dealt with Bill Gates favorite Nuclear Fission (our Nuclear plants today) – splitting the atoms to free the energy, let us create a list of real alternative energy types. (Btw.: If we came up with Nuclear Fusion, that would be a completely different game – no wastes to my knowledge).

I see natural sources, and new technological developments, which tap into the power beyond the laws of thermodynamics.

Alternative Energy sources

So what are sources of alternative energy?

What is obvious is the natural sources:

  1. Wind
  2. Solar
  3. Geothermal
  4. Tidal (indirect gravitational)

A word about geothermal energy

geothermal power plant

I should mention that geothermal in my opinion has much more potential to get us to carbon-free than we give it credit. Right now, you would think that geothermal energy only would work in ie. sn volcanic environment like Iceland.

If there is not enough heat close to the earth’s surface, we believe we have to dig too deep to find enough heat.

As Nuclear Fission, Geothermal energy works by heating up water which in turn turns a steam engine.

Now, what happens if we do not use water for creating the “steam”, but some benign chemical (in a closed circuit, no leaking into the earth) that boils much earlier than water does (at 100°C)? Then we would not have to dig nearly as deep in areas with any volcanic activity.

I would go so far as to say that with this technology we could power any city in the world with enough electricity by digging only a few dozen or hundred meters, until it becomes warm enough for this alternative fluid to reach its boiling point and become steam – driving the blades and creating electricity.

Some ask which of these energy sources are exhaustible: Well, in billions of years all of them, even our sun will one day vanish. But in thousands of lifetimes all these energy sources will not fail us.

Magnetics as an Alternative Energy source

But it gets better. Here is favorite (future) alternative energy source:

  1. Magnetics

We all have heard of impossible fantastic machines that do not need fuels and still somehow create drive around, cars built by some obscure lay scientist, that run on unknown energies.

You heard stories like this if you had your antennas not locked on only to the mass media (and even there I read about these things).

But we are always told by experts that it all was just a hoax and we never heard about the developments again.

Until now.

Have a look at https://innovationt.com .

They are already building engines that are powered by magnetics alone.

This is the website of a company that solves energy needs with “future” technologies. And they are actually implementing magnetic engines … without any need for fuel.

I heard about this the first time on the Kryon channel…and am intrigued ever since. But check it out yourself:

For me, this is the alternative energy solution….using forces out of the quantum field or another dimension to heat our homes and power our cars .

This for me is great news and promises a great future.

This content was originally published here.

Continue Reading

Alternative Energy

Alternative Energy Technologies Are Fueling a New Era in Mobility | Celestica

Published

on

By

Bloomberg-NEF’s Electric Vehicle Outlook predicts that vehicle manufacturers will offer a combined 500 different electric vehicle (EV) models by 2022. They’re prioritizing EV development to meet the growing demand driven by government policies and consumers worldwide striving to meet the Paris Climate Accord’s aggressive goals of cutting CO2 emissions in half by 2030 and eliminating them entirely by 2050. 

Whether manufacturers are building electric cars, delivery vans, city buses, or long-haul tractor-trailers, the challenge is the same: improving driving range and power management while reducing environmental impact. That’s not to say manufacturers haven’t already made substantial progress across all three areas. 

Their electrification strategies all involve the use of an electric motor to either enhance a gasoline engine’s efficiency or power, or to fully power the car. The use of electronics in the vehicle can add variable drive control to components as diverse as oil pumps, thermal, and battery management solutions. This helps improve power management and efficiency to reduce gas consumption and emissions. 

The latest ‘under the hood’ innovations are complex power electronics systems that include inverters, DC/DC power converters, on-board charging, power steering modules, a network of sensors, and the underlying communications and battery management systems, which power today’s hybrid and full electric powertrains.

Manufacturers are also making remarkable progress in developing batteries that will enable long-range driving and eliminate so-called ‘range anxiety.’ 

The solid state battery technology that promises greater energy density and increased range can be mass produced in only a few years by OEMs such as Toyota, Geely and BYD. At CES 2021, GM revealed its new Ultimum battery with a wireless battery management system. This combination enables robust, scalable battery solutions while reducing weight. These advances allow cars to deliver cutting-edge performance, safety, and reliability.

Auto companies and technology providers are experts in identifying and developing these new innovations to help meet the growing demand for electric vehicles. Their manufacturing and engineering teams are focused on growth initiatives that drive the most value. They still need engineering, industrialization, testing, manufacturing support to bring these complex products to market at the right cost and quality points.  

Design, Develop, Deliver

Designing, manufacturing and delivering high-reliability products is Celestica’s core offering. Our teams have more than 20 years of experience in complex power electronics systems and bring  a rich history of proven leadership to power-based on-vehicle products and technologies. Engaging early in the product development phase is the most effective way to design, test, launch, and deliver high-quality products to market faster and at a competitive cost. 

Efficient power management in a variety of form factors that work reliably in real world conditions are critical in these environments.  We develop manufacturing processes, including the latest advancements in miniaturization and ruggedized design. This allows us to reduce the product or component footprint without reducing power, reliability, or lifespan. This experience also ensures we can protect and mitigate the impact of vehicle vibrations and shock, harsh weather conditions, and exposure to moisture and contaminants, including road salts, oil, and other fluids on the product.

The work that our customers and Celestica put into designing, testing, building, and delivering these cutting-edge power electronics and systems is ushering the world into a mobility renaissance. Automakers use the alternative energy technologies to turn their blueprints for their hybrid and fully electric vehicles into the newest models that will roll off their assembly lines in 2021 and beyond. There is no room for error from a safety point of view as these new products enter the market. Automotive quality processes are crucial to fulfill increasing requirements in functional safety per ISO 26262. 

Reliable component sourcing is also key – taking into account the impact of lead times, materials availability and obsolescence of key parts. Celestica’s engineering and supply chain teams leverage global supplier relationships to identify qualified suppliers and adapt manufacturing processes to IATF 16949 as well as APQP and PPAP processes to meet the stringent automotive quality standards. 

Recently, a global automotive Tier 1 supplier asked Celestica to apply our engineering experience to support their design efforts as well as drive the launch of a specialized product for hybrid vehicles on an aggressive timeline. Our engineering team performed Dfx (design for x) to improve product manufacturability, testability, reliability, automated assembly processes and supply chain robustness. Celestica led the production process development, manufacturing test strategy, and production automation solutions to ensure the product will meet the highest quality standards while withstanding the extreme environmental conditions. These include frequent thermal cycling, high temperature operation, and constant vibrations.

Our experience and specialized expertise across various Industrial and Smart Energy markets position us as the trusted partner to help our customers deliver the products and solutions for this exciting new era.

This content was originally published here.

Continue Reading

Trending

CHMO.com